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May 29 marks the 150th anniversary of the establishment of the Mescalero Apache Reservation by executive order of President Ulysses S. Grant. The sprawling reservation came to be home to three bands/sub-tribes of the Apache – the Mescalero, Lipan and Chiricahua, each with its distinct histories and struggles, strengths and outlooks. The anniversary of the reservation’s establishment provides an opportunity to hear the reflections of two tribal leaders: Joey Padilla, medicine man and director of the Mescalero Apache museum and cultural center; and Jacob Daukei, a medicine man, deputy tribal historian, and youngest member of the tribal council. Together, they will discuss what the reservation’s purpose was at the start, and how it has evolved. What are the strengths of Apache culture and history, and what are the community’s challenges? And they will discuss their goals and wishes for the tribe, and non-native people, going forward, and how critical it is now to honor indigenous knowledge.